Juniperus osteosperma, (Utah Juniper)



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Intermountain Flora
A small monoecious (sometimes dioecious) tree or arborescent shrub, 3-6 (12) m tall, with a trunk 1-3 (8.5) dm thick, sometimes with several upright branches, nearly the same size as the main stem, arising from near the ground level (5-8 branches at 1.5 m height), forming a broad, rounded or open crown, heartwood yellowish-brown; bark gray-brown, weathering ashy-white, thin, fibrous and shreddy in long strips; twigs relatively stout, approaching 2 mm in diameter, scaly or shreddy, gray or brown; leaves mostly opposite, but sometimes in whorls of 3 on vigorous shoots, the scale-like leaves 2-3 mm long, yellowish-green, closely appressed, obtuse to acute, denticulate on the margins, the resin gland deeply imbedded in the mesophyll and only visible on some old leaves as a thin linear depression, the juvenile leaves awl-like and sharp-pointed, to 5 mm long, decurrent at the base; staminate cones terminal, 3-4.5 mm long, yellowish-brown, with 13-20 (24) microsporophylls; ovulate cones subglobose, about 8.5-10 (18) mm in diameter, bluish-glaucous at first, becoming brownish to whitish, glaucous with age, relatively dry and mealy or fibrous with a sweet greenish pulp, maturing the second season; seeds 1 (2), light brown at the base and darker above, 6-8 mm long; cotyledons 3-6.

Cronquist, A., Holmgren, A.H., Holmgren, N.H., Reveal, J.L., and Holmgren, P.K. (1972) "Intermountain Flora" pg. 241, vol. 1, The New York Botanical Garden New York.